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The breakage is not believed to be indicative of any abnormalities in the tree's health, and may even be a natural defense mechanism against adverse weather conditions.[8]. It provides significant fire protection for the trees. Sein Alter wird auf etwa 1900 bis 2500 Jahre geschätzt.

The General Sherman Tree is the world's largest tree, measured by volume. That tree was cut down in the mid-1940s.

Measured by volume, the General Sherman is the largest tree in the world. It was, nevertheless, logged extensively around the turn of the 20th century. Später begleitete der Trapper und Naturkundler James Wolverton Tharp in den Giant Forest und verbrachte dort mehrere Winter.

The tree called "General Sherman" is not only the biggest giant sequoia, but it is also the biggest tree in the world. The snowpack from the Sierra Nevada provides sequoias with the thousands of gallons of water they drink every day. They occur between 1,370 and 2,250 meters (4,500 and 7,500 feet) above sea level and far inland. [1], Als erstem Nicht-Indianer war der Giant Forest dem Viehzüchter Hale Tharp 1858 von befreundeten Indianern gezeigt worden. General Sherman is a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) tree located in the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park in Tulare County, in the U.S. state of California. Noting the pivotal role that Sherman had played in the Indian Wars and his forced relocation of native American tribes, they renamed the tree in honor of Karl Marx. The General Sherman is the largest single stem tree in the world, "535,000 board feet of merchantable timber", "Sequoias designed to last a couple of thousand years", "Estimated Ages of Some Large Giant Sequoias: General Sherman Keeps Getting Younger", Norton, Marc. Originally, sequoias could be found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. In order to sustain the species, a giant sequoia needs to produce just one maturing offspring over its lifespan of several thousand years for the species to persist. Das charakteristische Merkmal des General Sherman Tree mit einer Stammhöhe von 83,8 m und einem Brusthöhendurchmesser von 825 Zentimetern ist, dass er auch im weiteren Stammverlauf einen überdurchschnittlich großen Durchmesser aufweist, über die Gesamthöhe gemittelt knapp fünf Meter. Nach der Gründung des Sequoia-Nationalparks 1890 lag der Baum in dessen Schutzgebiet. By volume, it is the largest known living single stem tree on Earth. The seed is dark brown, 4–5 millimeters (0.16–0.20 in) long and 1 millimeter (0.039 in) broad, with a 1-millimeter (0.039 in) wide, yellow-brown wing along each side. Groves range in size from 12.4 square kilometers (3,100 acres) with 20,000 mature trees, to small groves with only six living trees. [2], Angehörige der sozialistischen Kaweah Cooperative Colony, die sich von 1886 bis zur Auflösung der Kolonie 1892 im Umfeld des Waldes niederließen, benannten den Baum Karl Marx Tree.[3][4][5]. [1][7], In January 2006 the largest branch on the tree (seen most commonly, in older photos, as an "L" or golf-club shape, protruding from about a quarter of the way down the trunk) broke off. They only root to 3.6 to 4.3 meters (12 to 14 feet) deep even at maturity. General Sherman is a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) tree located in the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park in Tulare County, in the U.S. state of California. It has an estimated bole volume of 1,487 cubic meters (52,500 cubic feet). The General Sherman was named after the American Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman. It stands 275 feet (83 m) tall, and is over 36 feet (11 m) in diameter at the base. Er ist ein Berg- oder Riesenmammutbaum (Sequoiadendron giganteum) und steht im Giant Forest des Sequoia-Nationalparks im US-Bundesstaat Kalifornien. Each cone has 30–50 spirally arranged scales, with several seeds on each scale, giving an average of 230 seeds per cone. It is successfully grown in most of western and southern Europe, the Pacific Northwest of North America north to southwest British Columbia, the southern United States, southeast Australia, New Zealand and central-southern Chile. the widest known is closer to 10 m (33 ft). Another larger coast redwood, the Lindsey Creek tree with more than 90,000 cubic feet (2,500 cubic meters)[2] was reported felled by a storm in 1905 Humboldt Times Standard article. There is no taproot. Leaves appear green because chlorophyll absorbs red and blue light energy, causing the green energy to bounce off the leaf’s surface. By volume, it is the largest known living single-stem tree on Earth. A mature sequoia’s roots can occupy over 4,000 square meters (1 acre) of earth and contain over 2,500 cubic meters (90,000 cubic feet) of soil. "The Karl Marx Tree: How Southern Pacific Railroad killed a socialist colony in the name of creating Yosemite National Park,", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=General_Sherman_(tree)&oldid=985077491, Natural history of Tulare County, California, Articles with dead external links from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 20:24. The giant sequoia is the sole living species in the genus Sequoiadendron, and one of three species of coniferous trees known as redwoods, classified in the family Cupressaceae in the subfamily Sequoioideae. Anfang 2006 verlor der Baum während eines Wintersturmes einen großen Ast, der beim Herabstürzen Teile der Absperrungen um den Baum zerstörte und einen Krater in die angelegten Fußwege riss. August 1879 entdeckte Wolverton den Baum und benannte ihn nach General William T. Sherman, unter dem er als Lieutenant im Sezessionskrieg gedient hatte. [3][4] It is estimated to be around 2,300 to 2,700 years old. The giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) is the world’s largest tree and largest living thing by volume.

While the General Sherman is the largest currently living tree, it is not the largest historically recorded tree. The sequoias have a matting, shallow, and wide spreading root system. Some seeds are shed when the cone scales shrink during hot weather in late summer, but most are liberated when the cone dries from fire heat or is damaged by insects. Am 7. General Sherman is a giant sequoia tree located in the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park in Tulare County, in the U.S. state of California. Sequoia bark is fibrous, furrowed, and may be 90 centimeters (3 ft) thick at the base of the columnar trunk. General Sherman is a giant sequoia tree located in the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park in Tulare County, in the U.S. state of California.

Der Verlust des Astes ändert nichts an der Stellung des Baumes als voluminösester lebender Baum der Erde, weil die Volumina dieser Liste nur für die Stämme verglichen werden (als Stammvolumen; denn Astvolumen, Blattvolumen und Wurzelvolumen sind meist nicht bekannt). Thanks to a high concentration of tannin, an insoluble chemical compound found in many coniferous trees, the trees are immune to most diseases.

The leaves are evergreen, awl-shaped, 3–6 millimeters (0.12–0.24 in) long, and arranged spirally on the shoots. It is neither the tallest extant species of tree (that distinction belongs to the coast redwood), nor is it the widest (that distinction belongs to the baobab tree or Montezuma Cypresses), nor is it the [8], 36.58165-118.751467Koordinaten: 36° 34′ 54″ N, 118° 45′ 5″ W, Liste der 30 größten Riesenmammutbäume, erstellt vom, Vorlage:Webachiv/IABot/www.anthonymarcellini.info, General Sherman, the biggest tree in the world, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=General_Sherman_Tree&oldid=200555677, Individueller Mammutbaum oder Baumgruppe mit Mammutbäumen, Wikipedia:Defekte Weblinks/Ungeprüfte Archivlinks 2018-04, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Ansatzhöhe des ersten größeren Astes (Stand 1997), Durchmesser des größten Astes (Stand 1997), Geschätzte Lebendmasse des Stammes (Stand 1938), Geschätzte Lebendmasse gesamt (Stand 1938). Largest single-stem tree in the world by volume. Its stump was so large it was used as a dance floor. Fire isn’t the only threat a giant sequoia is built to endure. Da das Stammvolumen dieser Baumart das aller anderen bei weitem übertrifft, geht man davon aus, dass dieser größte bekannte Riesenmammutbaum gleichzeitig der weltweit größte Baum überhaupt ist. The official story, which may be apocryphal, claims the tree was named in 1879 by naturalist James Wolverton, who had served as a lieutenant in the 9th Indiana Cavalry under Sherman.[5]. One result of this process was that wood volume became widely accepted as the standard for establishing and comparing the size of different trees. Sequoia trunks remain wide high up. He is 83.8 m (274.9 feet) tall, his girth at breast height is 24,10 m (79 feet) (near the ground it is 31,3 m or 102,6 feet). However, with a height of 50–85 meters (164–279 feet) or more, a diameter of  6–9 meters (20–30 feet) or more, an estimated bole volume of up to 1,487 cubic meters (52,500 cubic feet), and an estimated lifespan of 1800–2700 years, the giant sequoia is among the tallest, widest and longest-lived of all organisms on Earth. Once Sequoia National Park was established, tourism brought a better incentive to protect the trees. At 2,100 years old, it weighs 2.7 million … With a height of 83.8 meters (275 ft), a diameter of 7.7 m (25 ft), and an estimated age of 2,300–2,700 years, it is also among the tallest, widest, and longest-lived of all trees on the planet. Not only does the astringent substance protect the sequoia from fungus, it also safeguards it from insect attacks. Giant sequoia is a very popular ornamental tree in many areas. [6] However, the community was disbanded in 1892, primarily as a result of the establishment of Sequoia National Park, and the tree reverted to its previous name. Giant sequoia in Giant Forest, California. [7] Damit handelt es sich bei dem General Sherman Tree um den voluminösesten lebenden Baum der Erde, weshalb er zuweilen als „größtes Lebewesen der Erde“ (Largest Living Thing on Earth) bezeichnet wird. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 2. It was determined to be 1,244 years old. Er ist ein Berg- oder Riesenmammutbaum (Sequoiadendron giganteum) und steht im Giant Forest des Sequoia-Nationalparks im US-Bundesstaat Kalifornien. Sequoias rely on fire to release most seeds from their cones, to expose bare mineral soil in which seedlings can take root, to recycle nutrients into the soil, and to open holes in the forest canopy through which sunlight can reach young seedlings.

Die Parkverwaltung verzeichnete den Baum als General Sherman Tree gemäß der Namensgebung von Wolverton. Fun Facts About Trees General Sherman, a giant sequoia, is the largest tree (by volume) in the world, standing 275 feet (83.8m) tall with 52,000 cubic feet of wood (1,486.6m). Giant sequoias are now native only to the Sierra Nevada mountain range of California and are found in groves at Sequoia, Kings Canyon and Yosemite National Parks, Giant Sequoia National Monument, Sequoia National Forest, and other groves scattered throughout the Sierra Nevada. They require more water than any other species on Earth.

In 1931, following comparisons with the nearby General Grant tree, General Sherman was identified as the largest tree in the world. Claims of 17 meters (56 ft) diameter have been touted by taking an author’s writing out of context, but There are about 75 groves of giant sequoias. longest-lived (that distinction belongs to the Great Basin bristlecone pine). Klonale Lebewesen können jedoch schwerer sein und von ihrer Grundfläche her größere Ausmaße annehmen. The first widely publicized discovery of the giant sequoias was in 1852, at Calaveras Big Trees State Park.

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