(“Decisions for Which I’ve Been Grateful,” Brigham Young University-Idaho Devotional Address, 8 June 2004). The Gezer Calendar (ca. ( Log Out / Clergy object to misleading claims of rapprochement between denominations: There is a modern Catholicism [ecumenical spirit] whose praises are often “said and sung” in anniversary speeches, which seeks to bring into the most intimate relations those having only the most remote affinities. (It makes scant difference whether we believe that Nephi or Joseph Smith wrote the text or chose the precise wording. We must, however, work with what we have, for non-elites were much less likely to write or be published at all. The Byzantine-period flax wick and copper casing, was used to light lamps some 1,500 years ago, discovered in the 1930s American Colt expedition to the Negev site of Shivta. However, when multiple threads are woven together they become a strong cord. Examining the broader rhetorical context of 2 Nephi demonstrates that the “flaxen cord” more likely refers to something slight and almost undetectable. These ideas from the first half of the polemic are also found, unsurprisingly, in the second half.  Twenty-two examples [(19+3)/42 = 50%] have cords that are obviously weak, and count against the Masonic hypothesis.
Flaxen cord here denotes a bond easily broken or ruptured. In this life, it is never too late to repent
It is technically a felony — a murder, but one the poet sees as justified because the victim was a murderer beyond the reach of normal justice. For the ship’s cable, nothing would probably be so strong or durable.
Nephi also foresaw those living in the last days and warned them against pride, secret combinations, and priestcrafts. But if the bonds of such a union are too weak to withstand the breadth of prayer, let it not be baptized by the name of Christian Unity; and if its object is the advancement of the Redeemer’s Kingdom, the sooner the flaxen cords are consumed by the flame of devotion, the better it will be.59, The cords represent “the most remote affinities” which create “bonds” that are “too weak.”. © 2020 The Interpreter Foundation. One of the advocates of the anti-Masonic thesis (AMT) argues that the Book of Mormon contains a criticism of Masonic ritual: Despite the assertion that the “elaborate initiation rituals” [of Freemasonry] are absent from the Book of Mormon, researchers have long believed that 2 Nephi 26:22 alludes to the Masonic initiatory cable-tow ritual. Early Book of Mormon critic Alexander Campbell writes of the alliance formed against Napoleon I: [Page 358]The Belgian, French, English, Scotch, and Prussian phalanxes stood side by side, … but all such alliances weaken and wane as the occasions pass away which called them into being. To claim the birth-right held alone from Heav’n. A small bundle of herbs and the like cannot be tied up with a rope — a smallish string would be needed.
To understand the thrust of the AMT’s claim, we must briefly review the cable-tow or tow-rope used in Masonic initiations. ( Log Out / ‘Tis he, the ruthless wretch! Today, I will be conscientious about the little things. Flax was most extensively grown in Egypt, but it was also cultivated in ancient Israel. Even in a conservative reading of the data, fully two-thirds of the examples (28/42 = 67%) portray a cord that is trivial or easily snapped. The lesson is it really is easier to keep the commandments 100 percent of the time than it is 98 percent of the time. However, with time the grip of Satan strengthens until one is bound with strong cords and led to eternal destruction. I do not, however, include all 50 examples in my analysis; I have made a total of eight exclusions. In popular imagination, Vikings were robust, This isn't the first time the record-breaker has gone all but completely, Its owner, George Gorrow, is a fashion-industry veteran and.
As you receive and share your testimony of the Book of Mormon, you also become a witness of the truthfulness of this book. Nephi saw the destruction caused by the adversary and warned of Satanâs traps and influences in the last days. In contrast to Satanâs works of darkness, Nephi taught that Godâs love is extended to all and that His purpose is to save as many as will come unto Him. The English meaning of “tow” in Joseph Smith’s According to 2Â Nephi 26:24, what is Godâs purpose in everything He does? It rather pictures Satan exerting a slow, gradual, almost imperceptible control that his targets neither feel nor see. Flax ropes are also water resistant, and can even be made stronger when soaked in water. 1990), 200–202; Gardner, Second Witness, 2:366–367. ed. Another word for flaxen. Dark rose the negroes: ’twas the dread resolve, Whose rusted links gave back no light again…. site of Shivta.
Clearly, in this case, by “flaxen cord” we should understand thread or fine yarn, not rope. I searched digital databases of 18th and 19th century texts for the phrase flaxen cord.
… thus shall every one say that hath built up churches, and not unto the Lord” (v. 3), “deny the power of the holy One of Israel…there is no God today, for the Lord and the Redeemer hath done his work, and he hath given his power unto men” (v. 5), “if they shall say there is a miracle wrought by the hand of the Lord, believe it not; for this day he is not a God of miracles; he hath done his work” (v. 6), “they persecute the meek and the poor in heart”; “rob the poor” (v. 13), “rob the poor because their fine sanctuaries … [and] because of their fine clothing” (v. 13), “contend one with another; and their priests shall contend one with another” (v. 4). Stephen D. Ricks (Clara Amit, Israel Antiquities Authority). A religious author compares the physical binding of hemp ropes against the skin by the mad with false mental ideas: And the man who sets forth his false dogmas, only makes a parade of a soul blotched all over. This passage directly invokes the Samson material, for he later tells Delilah that if he is bound with “seven green withs [withes]” (seven fresh bowstrings) his strength will leave him. More than 2500 years ago, the prophet Nephi predicted the conditions of our day. Godâs judgments are intended to bless His childrenï»¿âto bring the wicked to repentance and to protect the righteous. … But above all, is the influence of the holy ministry. the fact that Samson was bound with flaxen cords as a literary prelude to a technical treatise on flax husbandry (1863b). Gregory L. Smith describes the subtle, careful process Satan Why Did Nephi Say That People Had to Learn Things Line Upon Line. ( Log Out / This is one of the few examples in which a more robust line is intended. Steven M. Ortiz, “Judges,” in ESV Archaeology Study Bible, ed. We conclude that an anti-Masonic reading might seem a possible one, granted a broad date range, though the complete lack of matching metaphorical or poetical usage should give us pause. … This cord is that which is called by net makers in London flaxen three-threads laid, and is between one-20th and one-30th of an inch in diameter.25.
One 1828 anonymous exposé of Masonry, nearly contemporaneous with the translation of the Book of Mormon, provides a useful reference for how Joseph Smith’s contemporaries would have thought of the cable-tow in the hotbox of anti-Masonic fervor. It must be noted that metaphoric/poetic use or biblical allusions do not match the AMT at all: all but one (21/22 = 95%) have weakness as a central aspect of their symbolism. An 1835 piece encouraging non Latter-day Saint mission efforts asks, have reader’s, hearts sighed at the thought that your years are stealing away so rapidly, and leaving behind them so little accomplished for the Lord? It were no sin, if justice only sped Read 2Â Nephi 27:12â14, and look for what it teaches the Lord would do to establish the truth of the book that would come forth in the last days. When we combine this lopsided data set with the internal evidence provided by the two halves of Nephi’s polemic, the anti-Masonic explanation of the flaxen cord becomes difficult to sustain. I also examine analogous phrases from the Bible. [Page 339]I propose that the “flaxen cord” is in fact a symbol that is the inverse of the tow-rope. that Nephi’s “flaxen cord” was an allusion to Masonic practices known to Joseph
The unlearned man (see 2Â Nephi 27:9, 15,Â 19â20), The man who takes the words, or characters, to the learned man (see 2Â Nephi 27:15,Â 17), The learned man (see 2Â Nephi 27:15,Â 18). Thus, ten of the examples describe cords that are either said to be (or may reasonably be concluded to be) strong and resistant to breakage — but of these, only three agree with the cable-tow in size.
To illustrate how the Lord would provide a way for us to overcome the effects of wickedness and apostasy, Nephi included Isaiahâs prophecies about the Restoration of the gospel of Jesus Christ in the latter days. Smith, “Gossamer Thin,” 335–338 notes the parallels in 2 Nephi Because of secret combinations and pride in their own learning and wisdom, many latter-day gentiles would stumble and deny the power of God. John D. Here Be Dragons: A Creature Identification Quiz. As he began to have children, his problems with drink worsened: Henry Greenfield had become so much enslaved, that even he took the alarm, and made some ineffectual efforts to break away from the bondage in which he was held. Nephi’s “flaxen cord” metaphor is apt and instructive: if an individual does not repent and turn away from their sins, then Satan can twist or braid the individual “cords of sin” (Proverbs 5:22) into “strong cords” which bind down his victims “forever.” Like a flax rope soaked in water, the knots become difficult—perhaps even impossible—to untie, and the unrepentant become hopelessly entangled in their sins. Some have argued that the reference to the “flaxen cord” is an allusion to Free masonry. And this is a possible reading. I began first by reviewing the use of this imagery in the King James Version of the Bible, a text with obvious affinities to Book of Mormon language. One fairly graphic account of a surgeon’s treatment of an anal fistula — a tract which runs from the large bowel to an opening on the skin, allowing the seepage of feces — describes the use of a flaxen cord as an alternative to the use of a scalpel.
Poll is clearly making the thread/string by twisting flax (perhaps with a distaff?).  … Within this was a small letter … bound with a skein of white floss silk.”44. It is, one might say, spider-web thin—its use requires great care on Satan’s … Daniell thinks that in general, a weight of two pounds will be sufficient.”36, The emphasis is on a small cord suspending a small weight — this is not a cable-tow.37, May our ministers universally be convinced that it is their duty to attach their flocks by the enduring bond of principle, and that all ties of a nature merely personal, are at best but flaxen cords!38. Who brought the storm of war to cloud the sky, The imagery is intended to invoke flimsiness and fragility.
According to 2Â Nephi 26:30, how are priestcrafts prevented?
Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The intent of the ritual is not to hide these bonds but instead to make them unmistakable.
For the Gezer Calendar, see Michael D. Coogan, ed., A
Most importantly, one melodramatic mention of a hangman’s noose uses the precise term flaxen cord (1848a).  Archaeological evidence of flax cultivation goes back 34,000 years, including twisted fibers “used to make ropes or strings.”6 The Gezer calendar — a 3.5 x 6 inch limestone fragment, dated to the “late tenth century or the very early ninth century bce,” and written in either early Canaanite or Phoenician — “describes seasonal agricultural activities — sowing, harvesting, and processing of flax and barley.”7 Samson’s bands are compared to ropes of flax (Judges 15:14). Byzantine-period flax wick and copper casing, was used to light lamps some
Lincoln hopes to portray the rebellious states as bound by interests or ties that will soon fragment — and thus discourage France from supporting them due to their lack of staying power.
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